Flight trials have begun for a Royal Australian Air Force C-130J Hercules transport aircraft equipped with a Northrop Grumman ‘Litening’ sensor pod.
CAPTION: A Litening sensor pod hangs from the wing of a No. 37 Squadron C-130J Hercules aircraft at RAAF Base Richmond. Photo by Corporal David Said. Story by Eamon Hamilton.
Mounted on a pylon underneath the wing of the Hercules, the AN/AAQ-28(V) Litening pod is capable of recording video in day and night-time conditions, and includes a Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) camera.
Commander Air Mobility Group Air Commodore Carl Newman said the trials would examine the Litening pod’s utility for different Hercules missions.
“Historically, RAAF Hercules crews have relied on radio, instruments and their own senses to understand the environment,” Air Commodore Newman said.
“This trial will examine how the Litening pod can improve crew situational awareness to mitigate mission risks.
“For example, the Litening pod could help us maintain contact with survivors during search and rescue operations, or examine conditions at an airfield or drop zone prior to delivering cargo or personnel.”
The trial will also pair the Litening pod with a satellite communications antenna on the Hercules, which is expected to allow high-definition video to be shared with ground-based units or a headquarters.
“Sharing this information would have applications during humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions,” Air Commodore Newman said.
“A Hercules could deliver relief cargo following a cyclone, then immediately take off and record video showing the extent of storm damage to local communities and infrastructure.
“That information could be streamed live to local governments, emergency services and other agencies, allowing for quicker decision-making about follow-on relief missions.”
Flight trials are being conducted from RAAF Base Richmond in Sydney’s northwest by No. 37 Squadron and the Aircraft Research and Development Unit, with support from the Air Warfare Engineering Squadron.
Airbus Australia Pacific designed the integration and performed the installation of the pod and pylon onto the aircraft, with assistance from Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.
The Litening pod was originally acquired by the RAAF as a targeting sensor for the F/A-18A/B Hornet, however, its targeting function will be disabled while fitted to the C-130J.
Flight trials began on January 17, with the Hercules flown without the Litening pod so that the flight test team could establish the aircraft’s baseline performance.
First flight with the pod installed occurred on 29 January 2020.
The flight test team will examine how the pod’s installation affects the Hercules’ performance in a range of conditions.
Trials will also examine the functionality of the pod.
RAAF is only the second air force in the world to mount the Litening pod on a C-130 Hercules, following trials by the Arkansas Air National Guard in the United States.
This trial is being conducted using C-130J A97-448, which has been fitted with a number of systems under Air Force’s Plan Jericho.
The aircraft is the first of six Hercules to receive a high-speed satellite communications antenna, and is also receiving an augmented crew station in the cockpit to operate systems including the Litening pod.
“A97-448 will allow us to explore how the Hercules and wider air mobility fleet will support operations as part of a fifth-generation Air Force,” Air Commodore Newman said.
“For air mobility, that means the ability to gather and share greater amounts of information within a battlespace, enabling better decision-making for the crew, embarked forces and other supporting units.”